UN Special Rapporteur: Intellectual Property (IP) In Health Helping Those With Most Means, Less Need
Nearly two billion people lack access to the medical care they need, and in the developing world those who do manage to have access are overwhelmingly paying out-of-pocket, often triggering a fall into poverty. The monopoly-making power of patents to drive the cost of medicines beyond affordability is a significant contributor to this disturbing trend, says a report of the United Nations rapporteur on the right to health presented at last week’s Human Rights Council.
The ultimate goal of developed countries “was and is the universal harmonisation of IP laws according to their standards,” the report asserts. They have tried to push such harmonisation through the World Trade Organization Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement as well as through free trade agreements. While flexibilities in TRIPS exist, developing nations often lack the capacity to or are the subject of political pressure not to use them. “From a right to health perspective,” it adds, “developing countries and LDCs” need to use flexibilities that remain in the TRIPS agreement, in particular to create exceptions to patent rights, issue compulsory licences, and facilitate parallel importation.
Developing countries need to be particularly careful when negotiating free trade agreements on a bilateral or regional basis, the report says. Such agreements “have extensive implications for pharmaceutical patent protection” and “are usually negotiated with little transparency or participation from the public, and often establish TRIPS-plus provisions [that] undermine the safeguards and flexibilities that developing countries sought to preserve under TRIPS.” TRIPS-plus measures include extension of patentability terms, the introduction of exclusivity of use on data gleaned from clinical trials, the linking of a patent status with a drug registration and approval (so generic versions of drugs under patent cannot be approved for market), and the creation of new enforcement mechanisms.(...)
The Report of the United Nations Rapporteur on the right to health:
¿Porqué es decisivo en la lucha contra la malaria el tomar en cuenta los diferentes papeles que juegan hombres y mujeres en cada una de las fases de la malaria, exposición, prevención, diagnóstico, tratamiento...?
Un consorcio formado por Roll Back Malaria, y ONGD de mujeres suecas y africanas han desarrollado una guía de recursos sobre la malaria en la problemática de hombres y mujeres. Se investigan muchos aspectos. Es necesario estudiar los comportamientos y papeles sociales asumidos por hombres y mujeres, porque muchas veces dan la clave de los fracasos de las políticas llevadas a cabo. (...)
Malaria 2010 update:
First Lorenzo Tomatis Conference on Environment and Cancer
An Internationall Conference has been organized in Turin to honour the memory of Lorenzo Tomatis, who studied medicine and started in Turin a long professional career which led him to the position of director of the WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer in Lyon from 1982 to 1993. In this role he encouraged and supported a broad spectrum of research themes, with a particular emphasis on the poorest countries, where he launched important programs on hepatitis B vaccination and research on HPV. The Conference covers various aspects in the field of cancer and society and some research themes in which Lorenzo Tomatis was directly involved in a leading role collaborating with several of the conference speakers.
The ECNIS Network:
L'Italia chiamò (My country called)
Dopo aver partecipato alle missioni di pace in Iraq, Kosovo e Bosnia, ammalati di tumore per l’avvelenamento da uranio impoverito, Luca, Emerico, Angelo e Salvatore raccontano le loro storie, in cui si intrecciano la volontà di guarigione, il difficile ritorno alla vita e la dolorosa sensazione di abbandono da parte delle istituzioni. Viaggio toccante all’interno di un male, la “sindrome dei Balcani”, che ha già ucciso 164 giovani in divisa e di cui, nonostante i 2500 malati conclamati, nessuno sembra volersi occupare.
The original film title takes the last words of the refrain of the Italian national anthem. The film tells the story of Luca, Emerico, Angelo and Salvatore--four soldiers sent on peace mission to Iraq, Kosovo, and Bosnia--who later developed cancer from exposure to depleted uranium. Their accounts interweave the drama of recovery from cancer, return to civilian life, and indifference by state institutions. A compelling enquiry into a disorder known as the Balkan syndrome which has aroused little concern despite the deaths of 164 young soldiers and the 2500 cases reported so far.
Il blog di uno degli autori: